The necessity to represent general or detailed aspects of the terrestrial surface has plagued man since ancient times.
Man has toiled in the search of more and more useful, practical and precise systems in order to geometrically portray the actual elements of the land together with their existing co-relationship on some type of medium, (for example, leather, wood, papyrus or paper). Scholars have thus given life to a vast bibliography concerning this subject.
The same cannot be said for the actual cartographic technique which regards the concepts and methods of graphic representation on any type of paper medium.
For centuries the preparation of maps was the personal work of those who passionately dedicated themselves to the design, creation and production of maps using their own methods. In order to reproduce and print them they used machines and methods that were available at that time. And even when this individual work gave way to collective manufacturing, due to new cartographic needs and the need for faster and more precise tools for reproduction, the technique for producing maps continued belong to a privileged few who employed the talents of a handful of experts without worrying about divulging the methods and norms for obtaining the most valid results. This is why today we may evaluate both the technical and artistic differences of these experts resulting in an evaluation that, in relationship with the given historical period, determines a type of classification of both merit and method.
C. Weigelio can surely be placed among the experts who contributed to the rebirth and mapmaking splendor that made up the 17th century.
Even if one is not familiar with the works of this man, it is enough to observe this SCENA HISTORIARUM OCCIDENTALIS in order to come up with positive conclusion. This map printed in 17 th century is made today with the same techniques, the same instruments and the same materials that they were used by Weigelio, an antique manual press, finely engraved plates, paper 100% cotton.